Update on use of Physical Medicine Codes (97000 Series)

Use of Physical Medicine Codes (97000 Series)

CMS staff have concluded that speech-language pathologists should not report physical medicine codes 97110 (Therapeutic exercises, each 15 minutes) and 97112 (Neuromuscular reeducation, each 15 minutes). Although CMS has not issued a formal policy statement regarding this issue, agency officials have stated their position, based on the official descriptors and vignettes for the codes. Additionally, Chapter 11, Section H-2 of the National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) Policy Manual for Medicare Services states

Speech language pathologists may perform services coded as CPT codes 92507, 92508, or 92526. They do not perform services coded as CPT codes 97110, 97112, 97150, or 97530, which are generally performed by physical or occupational therapists. Speech language pathologists should not report CPT codes 97110, 97112, 97150, 97530, or 97532 as unbundled services included in the services coded as 92507, 92508, or 92526.

Please note that cognitive therapy (97532) by speech-language pathologists is covered in all Medicare Local Coverage Determinations (LCDs). Some Medicare contractors may allow other exceptions in LCDs, but speech-language pathologists should also take the NCCI policies into consideration.